The example of Nabi Muhammad (SAW) in the Madeenan Period for establishing a successful society
Muhammad Ziyaad R
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Bismillahi Rahmaani Raheem
Indeed in the Messenger of Allâh you have a good example to follow for him who hopes for (the Meeting with) Allâh and the Last Day and remembers Allâh much. (Quran, Surah Al Ahzaab: 21)
It is very clear from the seerah of the Prophet صل الله عليه وسلم that the hijrah to Madinah was not only to run away from the plots of the Quraish. It was necessary for the Muslims to leave the place of persecution so that they could prosper as a society in peace and tranquility, in a land where they were welcome. This is because the Muslim Ummah possesses an ideology clearly defining their relation with Allah and their way of life in this world (Al Ghazali, p198). We have much to learn about how the early Muslims were successful in establishing the Islamic Society in Madinah. I will mention some points we can apply in our society nowadays to be a successful community, based on the Prophet’s hijrah to Madinah:
A good foundation in the true belief regarding Allah is very important as we know that throughout his Prophethood, Muhammad صل الله عليه وسلم preached the true tawheed. The Prophet told his sahaba to teach tawheed first, such as to Muadh Bin Jabal when he was sent to Yemen(Al-Albaani, 2004).
Upon arriving in Madinah, the Prophet صل الله عليه وسلم first established the masjid, which he helped building like everyone else (Ghazali, p199). The masjid was not just a place where people would congregate for offering prayers. It was there that the Prophet صل الله عليه وسلم trained the best. It was a place of spiritual and material guidance for the believers (Ghazali, p201). Part of the masjid, on the north, was reserved for those without home and family (Mubarakpuri, p87). In fact, when a Christian delegation came to Madinah, the Prophet invited them to stay in the masjid and debated with them about religion (). It was also a headquarter where all the affairs of the Ummah were administered (Mubarakpuri, p87). The community is incomplete without a center where they can congregate.
The prejudices based on tribes were completely uprooted and the Muslims became one Ummah. The feuds between Aws and Khazraj were now history and they became the Ansaar. The Prophet made this brotherhood into a valid contract and everyone acted upon it. It wasn’t mere words. The ingredients necessary for this brotherhood, then and now are the same: altruism, beneficence and love (Ghazali, p203).
The Muslims did not just stay among themselves and cared about their own affairs only. Once the bonds of brotherhood were forged among the Muslims, the Prophet made efforts to reach out to the Jews in an effort to preserve the peace and security so that everyone there could prosper (Mubarakpuri, p90). It was also important to have a pact with the Jews because previously, the Jews played the Aws and Khazraj against each other to keep power through the ‘divide and conquer’ strategy. Now that this power was no more in the Jews’ hands, steps had to be taken to make sure they don’t attempt to re-divide the now Muslim tribes in Madinah (Mubarakpuri, p85). This shows us how Muslims need to have a good understanding of the place they live in so that they could weigh in when it comes to preserving peace and security.
AN EXCELLENT LEADER
All of what has been discussed so far undoubtedly point to the excellence in the leadership skills of the Prophet Muhammad (صل الله عليه وسلم). His followers could see the positive effect that following him had in their lives and they love him a lot (Ghazali, p228). He was not a leader due to wealth or strength of his army. Rather he was a leader who everyone looked up to and wanted to imitate. He was a simple man, pleasant and easygoing and yet his entire character was the Quran (Ghazali, p230). How can an Islamic society prosper without a leadership that turns to the Quran and Sunnah for guidance?
CHARTER OF ISLAMIC ALLIANCE
Once the Ummah was united, the time to reap the benefits of this unity came and a charter was put in place and can be summed up as follows:
– Financial help: the Muslims were told to help each other financially in ransoming prisoners and in paying blood money. If the believers found destitute ones among themselves, they should rush to alleviate their problems.
– Everyone is treated equally under God’s law, even if the criminal is his son. This means that criminals are not to be helped or tolerated in Islam.
– The believer should not kill another believer or help a disbeliever against a believer. The believers should support each other. The one who kills a believer deliberately without justification is to be killed unless the sponsor says otherwise.
– Whenever there is a difference of opinion regarding a certain matter, then it is referred to Allah and the Messenger.
– The Jews who follow the Muslims should be helped and not injured. No one should help the enemies against them.
– The peace of the Muslims is one. There cannot be peace by a group of Muslims with those whom the other group of Muslims is fighting against. This means that Muslims should be ‘on the same page’ and be in consultation with each other.
This was in brief the charter of Islamic Alliance as mentioned in The Sealed Nectar (Mubarakpuri, p88)
ENJOINING RIGHTEOUSNESS AND GOOD MANNERS
The Prophet’s character, peace be upon him, was that of the Quran. He had the perfect manners and he was keen on infusing in the sahaba ethics for an exemplary behavior in society.
– being good to the neighbors is very important and Muslims must be careful not to harm them. In fact, Muslims should not be content in their homes while not knowing whether their neighbors are in need or not.
– Making sure there are no harmful things on the road is another example of how the Muslims contribute to benefit the society they live in. The Prophet, peace be upon him, said: “To remove something harmful from the road is charity”
– Extending greetings to those we know and those we do not know is also an important principle in keeping an atmosphere is friendship and love in a society.
These were some of the manners that the Prophet, peace be upon him, nurtured in the Madinan society that are very applicable today whether we live in the west or in a Muslim country (Mubarakpuri, p88)
GIVE AND TAKE
The Hudaibiya Treaty showed us that sometimes we have to be ready for some sacrifice and leave what we wanted to avoid situations of wars. In fact, during the period of the treaty, Islamic community grew more than ever. Despite all the set back that the Muslims had to accept in such treaty, patience bore its fruits (Siddiqui, p28).
With the fifteen points mentioned above, one can confidently say that Islam is a complete religion that, if followed, will make one able to establish a successful society where everyone will have a chance to progress.”Indeed, Allah and His Angels send blessings upon the Prophet. O you who believe! Send blessings on him and greet him (with) greetings.”
“Allaahumma salli ‘ala Muhammadin wa ‘ala azwaajihi wa dhurriyyatihi kama salayta ‘ala Ibraaheem, wa baarik ‘ala Muhammadin wa ‘ala azwaajihi wa dhurriyyatihi kama baarakta ‘ala aali Ibraaheem, innaka hameedun majeed (O Allaah, send Your salaah (grace, honour and mercy) upon Muhammad and upon his wives and offspring, as You sent Your salaah upon Ibraaheem, and send Your blessings upon Muhammad and upon his wives and offspring, as You sent Your blessings upon the family of Ibraaheem. You are indeed Praiseworthy, Most Glorious).” Narrated by al-Bukhaari (3369) and Muslim (407) from the hadeeth of Abu Humayd as-Saa‘idi (may Allah be pleased with him).
Al Albaanee, M. Tawheed First. [online] Available at http://www.almuflihoon.com
Al-Ghazali, M. (1999) Understanding the life of Prophet Muhammad (saw). 1st Ed. IIPH (Riyadh).
Al Hilali and Khan, Translation of the meanings of The Noble Quran
Al Mubarakpuri, S. The Sealed Nectar [online]
Siddiqi, S (1989) Methodology of Dawah elallah in American perspective. The forum for Islamic Work [online].